青年IT男

个人从事金融行业,就职过易极付、思建科技等重庆一流技术团队,目前就职于某网约车平台负责整个支付系统建设。自身对金融行业有强烈的爱好。同时也实践大数据、数据存储、自动化集成和部署、分布式微服务、响应式编程、人工智能等领域。

一网打尽英文关联逻辑词,为公式运行保驾护航

一网打尽英文关联逻辑词,为公式运行保驾护航

从语言学角度来讲,英语属于形合语言,逻辑关系词的主要在于让句子成分之间、句子与句子之间、以及段落与段落之间实现自然衔接。

许多规律性阅读考试(例如TOEFL,ACT)中转折词往往是考核的重点。阅读题目着重考查考生对语言文字的综合分析能力。题干中的文字材料不会很长,主要是对句子以及比较复杂的概念和观点的准确理解;对语句隐含信息的合理推断;在干扰因素较多的情况下,能比较准确地辨明主旨,筛选信息。

若用一词概括,即为起承转合。

“起”是起因,文章的开头;“承”是是事件的过程;“转”是结果是转折;“合”是对该事件的议论,是结尾。

所谓“作诗有四法:起要平直,承要舂容,转要变化,合要渊水。”

而逻辑连词正是文章的纽结。理顺连词打通扭结,你会发现英语学起来,痛快多了。

1

表递进

moreover 而且
in addition 此外
what is more ,更
furthermore 此外
also
then 然后
besides 除了
,what’s worse 更糟的是
and 以及
too 以及
as well as
additionally 另外
again
likewise 同样
not only…but also… 不但……而且

2

表转折

however
nevertheless 虽然
on the other hand 另一方面
on the contrary 反之
rather than 而不是
instead of 而不是
but 但是
yet 但是
unfortunately 不幸的是
whereas
although 虽然
though 虽然
otherwise 否则
by contrast 反之,通过对比
at the same time 与此同时
despite 尽管
even so 即便如此
in contrast 相比较
even though 即使所有
for all that 所有
not with standing 尽管如此
in spite of 尽管
last but not least 最后但并非最不重要
instead 代替
thus 从而
what is more 更而且
not only…but also 不但而且
still 仍然
in contrast to 相比较
regardless 无论不管
while
different from 不同的是
for all that 所有
or 要不否则或者
notwithstanding 虽然
even though 即使,
despite 尽管
after all 毕竟
except (for) 除了
of course 固然尽管当然
some…others 一些、另外的
on the other hand 另一方面
once 以前
now 现在,
the first…whereas the second 第一、而第二
then…now 然后、现在
the former…the latter 前者、后者
finally 最后最终
here…there 这里、那里
so 因此

3

表层次

on the one hand 一方面
on the other hand 另一方面
first 首先
second 其次
finally 最后
firstly 首先
secondly 其次
then 然后
to begin with 首先
further 进一步
and…equally important 和同样重要
in addition 此外
in the first place 首先
still 仍然
furthermore 此外
what is more 更而且
last but not least 最后但并非最不重要
secondly 其次
and then 进而
next 接着
to start with 开始
besides 除了
moreover 而且
finally 最后

4

表强调

in fact 其实
indeed 的确
actually 其实
as a matter of fact 事实上
obviously 很明显
apparently 显然
emphasis 强调
chiefly 主要是
primarily 主要
in particular 尤其是
surely 一定
in any case 不管怎么样
especially 特别是
clearly 显然
without any doubt 毫无疑问
to repeat 重复
no doubt 毫无疑问
needless to say 不用说
undoubtedly 无疑
absolutely 绝对
still
oddly enough 奇怪的是
of course 当然
after all 毕竟
significantly 显著
interestingly 有趣的是
also
above all 首先
certainly 当然
anyway 无论如何
obviously 明显
necessarily 要紧一定
truly 真正
most important 最重要的是
particularly 尤其
most important of all 最重要的是

5

表结果和原因

evidently 明显地,
first of all 首先
undoubtedly 无疑
without any shadow of doubt 毫无疑问
thus 从而
hence 故从此
so 因此
therefore 因此
accordingly 因此所以从而
consequently 所以
since = now that 自从
as 因为
for the reason 为理由
so that 以便
as consequence 所以
as a result 于是
on this / that account 结果
such that 这样
in this way 如此
because 因为
since 自从
otherwise 否则
Cause and effect) for 由于
because of = thanks to= due to = owing to 由于
for this reason 为此
on account of 考虑到
as a consequence 结果
foras a consequence 后果

6

表结尾

therefore 因此
then 然后因此那么
accordingly 从而
because (of) 由于
for 因为
thanks to 由于
hence 因此
as a result of 结果
consequently 所以
thus 因而
since 自从
owing to 由于
for the reason that 因为

7

表举例

in a word 其中
therefore 因此
sum up 总之
such as 例如
to begin with 首先
besides 此外
for one thing 至于
in conclusion 其中
in short 在小的方面/时间
as a case in point 作为一个很好的例子
first of all 首先
furthermore 此外
in addition 此外
for another 另外

8

表比较

similarly 同样
likewise 同样
like 像……一样
equally 一样
compared …相比
in a like manner 以类似的方式
just as 正如
however 可是
in the same way 以同样的方式
in the same manner 以同样的方式
in comparison 相比较
in contrast 相比较
in comparison 相比较
just like 就像
similar to 类似
the same as 同…一样

9

表对比

by contrast 通过对比
on the contrary 反之
while
whereas
unlike 不像
instead 代替
but
conversely 反过来
different from 不同的是
however
in sharp 鲜明对比的是
in contrast 相比较;相对于
even though 即使,即便如此
on the other hand 另外
on the one hand 一方面
otherwise 否则
as opposed to 相对于
while
yet
by comparison 通过比较
similarly 同样
nevertheless 虽然
still 仍然
in spite of 尽管,

10

表举例

for example 例如
for instance 例如
in other words 换句话说
in this case 在这种情况下
as an example 作为一个例子
take… for example 例如
say namely ,比如
after all 为一个例子来说明
except (for) 除了(至于)
like… 就比如…,正如…,
to illustrate as an illustration 作为一个例子来说明
by way of illustration 以说明的方式
to illustrate 说明
to name a few 仅举几例

11

表时间

later 后来
lately 终于
next 接着
then 然后
soon 不久
immediately 立刻;随即
meanwhile 与此同时
finally ,最后
at last 最后
eventually 终于
since 自从
lately 最近
afterward 之后
temporarily 暂时
earlier 最初
now 现在
first 首先
again
also
before 以前
besides 除了
formerly 以前
further 进一步
furthermore 此外
last 最后
simultaneously 同时
shortly 不久
still 仍然
subsequently 随后
thereafter 此后
until 直到
recently 最近
after 以后
gradually 慢慢的逐渐
till 直到
when
nowadays 目前
now presently 目前
during 在……期间
now and then 偶尔
recently 最近
in the meanwhile 同时
in the meantime 在此期间
in the end 到底
in addition 此外
in the first place 首先
in the past 在过去
in a few days 几天之内
after a while 稍后
after a few days 几天以后
at that time 当时
as long as 只要
as soon as 一……就
at present 目前
at the same time 如今
at length 最后
at first 起初
from now on 今后
from then on 从那时起
so far 到目前为止
for the time being 立即
when now 当下
and then 进而
to begin with/ to start with 首先
at that moment 在那一刻
suddenly = all of a sudden 最初
until now 直到现在
after that 之后
not…until 不…直到
while ,一会儿

12

表顺序

first 首先
second 其次
then 其次,然后
finally 最后
last 最终,最后
next 接着
after 以后
afterwards 之后
earlier 最初
later 后来
behind 后面
beside 旁边
beyond 外面
above 以上
below 下面
to begin with 首先
first of all 首先
in the first place 首先
above all 首先
in the end 到底
at last 最后
first and most important 第一个和最重要的
last but not the least 最后但并非最不重要
near(to) 靠近
far(from) 远离
in front of 前面
in the middle 中间
to the right (left) 到左右
on the other side of 另一面
opposite 反面

13

表可能

presumably 想必
probably 大概
perhaps 也许
Inference) therefore 因此
so 所以
as a result(of) 作为结果
accordingly 因而
otherwise 否则
maybe 可能

14

表解释

in other words 换句话说
in fact 其实
in simpler terms 简单地说
in this case 在这种情况下
in addition 此外
in simpler terms 简单地说
in fact/ as a matter of fact / actually 其实,
another way 另一种方式
o tell you the truth 实话告诉你
as a matter offact 事实上
that is 就是说
for example 例如
for instance 例如
frankly speaking 坦白的说
now 既然
namely 即,意即
actually 实际上
to put it differently 换句话说
that is to say 也就是说

15

表让步

admittedly 诚然
whatever 无论
hence 因此
nevertheless 然而
as 虽然
though 虽然,
although 尽管
despite 尽管
in spite of… 尽管
even though 尽管
even if ,即使
even so 即便如此
granted 就算如此
naturally 自然
however 无论如何
still 仍然
provided 假如
or 或者
whenever 无论何时
whoever 无论谁
wherever 无论哪里
whether 不论、或者
whichever 无论哪一个
after all 毕竟
while it is true 虽然这是事实
no matter how (who, what, which, where) 无论多么(谁,什么,哪里)
all the same 仍然
of course 当然

16

表总结

accordingly 因此
therefore 因此
thus 因此
altogether to conclude 完全可以说
general 一般
specially 特别
finally 终于
namely 也就是
indeed 事实上
in other words 换句话说
thus 因此
altogether 完全
all in all 总之
in consequence 结果
in sum 总之
consequently 因此
hence 因此
so 因此
the point is 关键是
obviously 显然
of course 当然
differently 不同的是
as a result 结果
as for me 依我之见
to some extent 在某种程度上
on the whole 大体上
in conclusion 总之
in a word 一句话
in brief 简言之
in summary 总之
in general 一般来说
in short ,简而言之
in other word 也就是
in my opinion 在我看来
in a word 总的来说
in all 总的来说
in fact 事实上
in simpler terms 用更简单的术语来说
in my view 在我看来
in particular 特别是
it is true 事实上
at last 最后
as I have shown 正如我所表明的
as has been stated generally speaking 正如所说
as has been said 就像我已经说的
as far as I am concerned 就我刚才提到的来说
as what has been mentioned 作为被提到的
to sum up 总之
to summarize 简而言之
to conclude 结论
to put it differently 换句话说

17

其他类型连接词

mostly 通常
occasionally 偶尔
currently 一般
naturally 自然
mainly 主要
exactly 完全
in this case 在这种情况下
frankly 坦率地说
commonly 通常
for this purpose 为此
to a large extent 在很大程度上
or most of us 对于我们大多数人
evidently 显然
in many cases 在许多情况下

18

表示时间与频率的词汇

every 每一,
some 一些
after 以后
usually 通常
most 几乎
frequently 经常
mainly 主要
finally 最后
rarely 难得,很少,几乎不
before 之前
on the whole 大体上
at other times 平时
in most cases 在大多数情况下
in general 一般来说
as a rule 一般说来
meanwhile 与此同时
always 总是
often 经常

19

表示附加的词

additionally 此外
as well as 以及
just as 正如
again 再次
along with 连同
also 并且
besides 除此之外
further 进一步
furthermore 此外
in the same manner 同样地
in the same way 同样地
in addition to 除…之外

20

表示增加的过渡词

also So that 以至于
and 以及 and then 于是
addition 除了 another 另一个
again 再次 on top of 另外
moreover 此外 first 首先
furthermore 此外 second 其次
too third 再次

21

表示目的的过渡词

lest 恐怕 for this reason 因此
Addition 增补
furthermore 此外 for this purpose 为了这个目的
again 再次 so as to 以便
also so that 所以
besides ,除了 in order that 为了
similarly 同样 in addition 此外
moreover 此外 what’s more 不仅如此,更糟的是
next 接着, finally 最后

22

表示并列关系

or, and, also, too
not only … but also… 不但而且,
as well as 以及,
so…that 太…以至于
both… and… 既……又
either …or… 或者…或者
neither…nor… 不是就是

23

表示并列补充关系

what is more 更糟的是 also
besides 除了 as well 还不如,
moreover 此外 furthermore 此外
in addition 此外

24

表示条件关系

as (so) long as 只要
if 假如
unless 除非
eventually 终于
presently 目前
somewhat 有些
as if 仿佛
the way by 通过方式
on condition that 如果
on the condition 只要
or else 要不然
in the meantime 与此同时
from then on 从那时起,
after an interval 在时间间隔后
all of a sudden 一下子
On the contrary 相反
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青年IT男

个人从事金融行业,就职过易极付、思建科技等重庆一流技术团队,目前就职于某网约车平台负责整个支付系统建设。自身对金融行业有强烈的爱好。同时也实践大数据、数据存储、自动化集成和部署、分布式微服务、响应式编程、人工智能等领域。

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